Vienna School of Interdisciplinary Dentistry

Education in Occlusion Medicine


Vertical dimension of occlusion

A paper written by R. Slavicek, K. Tajima, V. Sudmann, published in international journal of stomatology & occlusion medicine 03/2010

Importance of skeletal location of maxilla to determine the vertical dimension of occlusion

During individual human ontogenesis, toward the end of their maturation process, erupting teeth stabilize a distinct distance between the jaws which we call the vertical dimension of the face. The principles that underlie the individuality of vertical dimension are debated contentiously in all disciplines of dentistry. Cephalometric analyses are used to measure and identify the VD in diagnosis and treatment planning. In this paper, a standardized database is used to find possible skeletal references to help establish more individualized standards for lower facial height (after Ricketts) to assist in clinical decisions.

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